Ngorongoro Crater standing at 1,350 m. to 3,600 m. above sea level, is the 7the Natural Wonder of Africa and the largest unfolded and unbroken Caldera in the world. Surrounded by very steep walls rising 610 m. deep from the crater floor, this natural amphitheatre measure 265 square kilometers and 16 kilometers wide. On the floor of this Garden of Eden with rich pasture and permanent water of the crater floor roam hundreds of thousands of plain animals.
The crater alone has over 20,000 large animals including some of Tanzania’s last remaining black rhino. Ostriches, Koori bustards, secretary birds, crested cranes, egrets, red billed ox-packers and the countless flamingos at the soda lake. About 200 years ago the Masai arrived and have since colonized the are in substantial numbers, their traditional way of life allowing them to live in harmony with the wildlife and the environment.
Today there are some 42,000 Masai pastoralists living in the Ngorongoro with their over 100,000 cattle, donkeys, goats and sheep. During the rain season they move out on to the open plains, in the dry land into the adjacent woodlands and mountain slopes.